Good morning to all of you, my dear Eucalyptus friends,
Here we are again, with the 20th issue of
our Eucalyptus Newsletter. In this edition, as it is being usual, we are bringing
a lot of information and knowledge about these wonderful trees and
their utilization. Remember that most of this information is brought
to you for your better understanding about the Eucalyptus. The purpose
is to offer knowledge in a way that you may learn more, and to enjoy
doing such. For this reason, we are forcing you, in some extent, to
navigate the web to grab as much on good information as possible. We
also offer good articles, and recommendations of books and interesting
events. I hope you may also, like me, admire these trees and the products
they offer to Society. Our purpose is to offer our help to the interested
parties of the Society for a better knowledge and understanding about
this edition, we are bringing, as usual, some new insights. One is
the return of the section "The
World of the Eucalyptus".
In it, I'm disclosing to you all the fast and amazing development of
the plantation forest sector and corresponding forest products industrialization
and markets in two Brazilian states: Mato Grosso and Mato
Grosso do Sul, at the Mid Western of Brazil.
The other surprise is a new section
that I have named "Eco-Efficiency
and Sustainability Corner".
In this section, my purpose is always to introduce to you good examples
and positive things that can be done at our forest based segment in
benefit of people, environment and economical growth, in tight links,
as recommended by the sustainability concepts. I hope you may enjoy,
in the same manner I feel motivated and delighted when I come across
good sustainability practices.
In the section "The
Friends of the Eucalyptus" I'm
introducing to you a great friend of mine, someone with enormous expertise
on the Eucalyptus plantation forest management. I have a great
admiration for his technical and educational skills and for his dedication
teaching, researching and diffusion of the forestry knowledge. I'm
talking about "Professor Paulo Renato Schneider", one of
the favorite friends of the Eucalyptus, but also friend of the Acacia
mearnsii, Araucaria angustifolia and many of trees, as we are to see
This edition mini-article deals with "Eucalyptus plantation
forestry in Brazil, utilization of the land and production of food". I
made an effort to associate the production of food in Brazil to the
plantation of forests to generate wood to society. The ways to optimize
these two mankind needs are emphasized to benefit both society and
In the Ester Foelkel's section "Curiosities
and Oddities about the Eucalyptus", she is telling us about the "association
of the Eucalyptus to allergies in human beings". Something very
interesting to be evaluated under two perspectives: in some cases,
we have persons who are very sensitive to the Eucalyptus pollen or
to some substances present in these plants; in other cases, some compounds
that are part of the Eucalyptus essential oils are used to mitigate
people allergies, mainly those related to the respiratory system.
I hope you may enjoy and like this edition selected themes.
Just to remind you, we are also introducing in this present edition
two chapters of our Eucalyptus Online Book:
one of them, in Portuguese (Propriedades
Papeleiras das Arvores, Madeiras e Fibras Celulosicas dos Eucaliptos);
and the other, in English (The
Production of Eucalyptus Plantation Forests from the Perspective
of Eco-Effectiveness, Eco-Efficiency,
and Cleaner Production).
case you are not registered yet to receive free-of-charge the Eucalyptus
Newsletter and the chapters of the Eucalyptus
Online Book, I suggest you to do it through the following
here for registration.
We have several non-financial supporting partners to the Eucalyptus
Online Book & Newsletter: TAPPI, IPEF, SIF, CeluloseOnline, CETCEP/SENAI,
RIADICYP, TECNICELPA, ATCP Chile, Appita, CENPAPEL, TAPPSA, SBS, ANAVE,
AGEFLOR, EMBRAPA FLORESTAS, GIT - Eucalyptologics, Forestal Web and
Painel Florestal. They are helping to disseminate our efforts in favor
of the Eucalyptus in countries such as: Brazil, USA, Canada, Chile,
Portugal, Spain, Colombia, Argentina, Australia, New Zealand, Uruguay
and South Africa. However, thanks to the world wide web, in reality,
they are helping to promote our project to the entire world. Thanks
very much to our partners for believing in what we are doing in favor
of the Eucalyptus. Know more about all of our today’s partners
at the URL address:
Thanks again for the support to our work. We have left behind our
initial target for registered people: over 11,000 readers are receiving
monthly these online publications about the Eucalyptus. Even so, I
beg your help to inform about and to promote our project to your friends,
in case you feel these publications may be helpful to them. Please,
accept my personal thanks, and also the gratitude from Celsius
ABTCP, Botnia, International Paper do Brasil, KSH-CRA Engenharia,
Suzano, VCP and from the supporting partners.
Our best wishes to all of you, and please enjoy your reading. We all
hope you may like what we have prepared to you this time.
Eucalyptus Online Book - Chapter 14 (in Portuguese)
Eucalyptus Online Book - Chapter 11 (in English)
Friends of the Eucalyptus - Professor Paulo Renato Schneider
World of the Eucalyptus: Mato Grosso & Mato Grosso do
Sul - Brazil
about Events and Courses
Section: Eco-Efficiency and Sustainability Corner
and Oddities about the Eucalyptus: The Association of the
Eucalyptus to Human Allergies - (by Ester Foelkel)
Mini-Article by Celso Foelkel
Eucalyptus Planted Forests, Land Use and the Production
of Food in Brazil
Online Book - Chapter 14 (in Portuguese)
downloading the chapter (in Adobe PDF - 4.6 MB) just click below
over the name of the chapter. Another option, perhaps even easier,
is to use the right button of your mouse and select the "Save
target as..." command to save the chapter in one of your computer
directories. In case you do not have the Adobe Reader installed in
your computer, please visit http://www.celso-foelkel.com.br/artigos_eng.html and find the instructions how to get it.
Since it is a heavy file, please, be patient to allow the full downloading.
Papeleiras das Arvores, Madeiras e Fibras Celulosicas dos Eucaliptos"
Online Book - Chapter 11 (in English)
downloading the chapter (in Adobe PDF - 17.6 MB) just click below over
the name of the chapter. Another option, perhaps
even easier, is to use the right button of your mouse and select the "Save
target as..." command to save the chapter in one of your computer
directories. In case you do not have the Adobe Reader installed in your
computer, please visit http://www.celso-foelkel.com.br/artigos_eng.html and find the instructions how to get it.
Since it is a heavy file, please, be patient to allow the full downloading.
Production of Eucalyptus Plantation Forests from the Perspective of Eco-Effectiveness,
Eco-Efficiency, and Cleaner Production"
Friends of the Eucalyptus
Paulo Renato Schneider
In this edition of our Eucalyptus Newsletter,
I am extremely pleased to introduce to you another one of my closest
a remarkable researcher and educator, Professor Paulo Renato
Schneider. Our Eucalyptus friend is also a friend of many other trees, as Pinus,
Acacia mearnsii, Tectona grandis (teak), Grevilea robusta,
(mate), Araucaria angustifolia (Brazilian pine), besides a good number
more of other forest species - all trees that have participated in
his academic researches and scientific studies. His dedicated professional
career is clearly proven by his remarkable technical and scientific
production, consisting of over 150 scientific and technical articles
published in magazines and presented at congresses; over 40 doctorate
and master’s degree guidance's; and about 15 books as main
author, co-author, or editor. Definitely, Professor Schneider is
one of the great names of the forest management and Brazilian silviculture.
Schneider, as he is known in Santa Maria, is a forest engineer
graduated in the first group of professionals in this career from the
Federal University of Santa Maria (UFSM). He is very proud to have been
the first student in the State of Rio Grande do Sul to enroll for that
course at that specific University. So great is his vocation for this
career, that upon graduating he joined at once the teaching staff of
that University. His technical qualification was initially cultivated
in the academic stages by the dedication of Professor Franz Heinrich
Andrae, who fulfilled the functions of professor in the newly created
course at UFSM. Professor Andrae is Austrian and in 1975, upon his return
to Austria after having accomplished his mission at UFSM, his professorship
was occupied by Professor Schneider, who since 1975 is professor of the
Department of Forestry Sciences (DCFL - http://www.ufsm.br/dcfl) at UFSM.
At present, Schneider holds the full-time job of full professor at UFSM.
He has already been head of this department, and also, for several times,
responsible for coordinating the postgraduate course in forest engineering
at UFSM. He has also been postgraduate and research dean for the whole
Federal University of Santa Maria.
Schneider has a master’s degree in forest engineering from the
Federal University of Parana (1978) and a Ph.D. (1984) in forestry from
Albert-Ludwigs Universität of Freiburg, Germany (http://www.uni-freiburg.de/index_en.php)
His didactic and scientific investigation activities have put strong
emphasis on forest management and planning, the economic evaluations
of forest productivity, and the use of statistical tools for improving
the quality of decision-making in the forest area. For this very reason,
his lines of research are dedicated to planning, structure, growth, production,
and forest economics.
As the academic and research activities in the State of Rio Grande do
Sul (RS) encompass a diversified number of forest species planted in
several environmental situations, his researches comprise many tree species.
To all of them, he dedicates his attention and devotion. His numerous
researches on Eucalyptus and Pinus were undertaken to offer alternatives
to the production of saw-timber, as well as wood for industrial purposes
(pulp, paper, biomass fuel, boards, panels, furniture), in order to replace
woods coming from native forests of the State. His studies, initially
devoted to the evaluation of the growth of these species in RS, allowed
an important development of the forest management science. As a result
of his findings, UFSM is at present a reference at international level
in this forestry sector. His team comprises researchers of enormous relevance,
such as our dedicated friend, Professor Cesar Augusto Guimaraes Finger,
another great expert on Brazilian forest management.
Among his many published books, some are cited in the web address ahead,
and they can be obtained through CEPEF – Center of Forest Researches
(http://www.ufsm.br/cepef/livros.html), a cooperative R&D association
that Schneider helped creation and growing. Some of his books are the
• Analysis of regression applied to Forest Engineering
• Introduction to forest management (2008);
• Forest investment profitability (2006);
• Sustainable management of natural forests (2000);
Subsidies for black wattle - Acacia mearnsii – management (2000);
• Analysis of regression applied to Forest Engineering (1998).
His motivation to write books has always been leveraged by the need
to offer such good quality technical contents to the academics and professionals
of the sector, as to allow them a better professional performance. As
his main occupation in the current days is focused on this particular,
please, wait for new titles to come, without any doubt. Furthermore,
he has now a staunch ally for this writing in the person of his son Paulo
Sergio, a forest engineer himself. Schneider is aware of his role as
author and is now reflecting on how he might help demystify the creeds
existing in society with regard to Eucalyptus plantation forestry. A
very welcome and appropriate point, Professor Schneider, thanks for your
valuable help to come in this issue.
During the course of his career, Schneider believes that his major conquests
have been to have received the acknowledgement of the academic formation
of so many professionals during this period of over 30 years of teaching
and researching. In partnership with these numerous human resources he
helped graduate and with his colleagues from DCFL/UFSM (http://www.ufsm.br/dcfl/docentes.html),
he succeeded in becoming an acknowledged and admired researcher in the
planted forest management area. He stresses that this could only materialize
thanks to his wonderful family: his wife Sirlei das Gracas, his son Paulo
Sergio, and his daughters Clarissa and Patricia.
As a public acknowledgement of his scientific work, a
special homage was paid to him in 1988 as Forest Prominence in Teaching
a title awarded to him by the VI Forest State Congress of Nova Prata
(RS). In addition, homage is constantly paid to him by his pupils at
academic graduations. Now, we feel honored to dedicate this simple award
and title to Professor Schneider, as a "Friend
of the Eucalyptus",
for all his relevant contributions to the these trees and to the Brazilian
Know more about Professor Schneider's scientific and educational career
, his long and valuable curriculum and his Master and Ph.D. theses:
Curriculum vitae CNPq - Lattes Brazilian System - Prof. Dr. Paulo Renato
Modelos de equacao e tabelas para avaliar o peso de casca de acacia
negra, Acacia mearnsii de Wild. P.R. Schneider. Master Dissertation.
UFPR - Federal University of Parana. 165 pp. (1978)
Betriebswirtschaftliche und ertragskundliche grundlagen
der forsteinrichtung in SudBrasilien am beispiel von Pinus elliottii. P.R. Schneider. Ph.D.
Thesis. Universität zu Freiburg. 199 pp. (1984)
Become further acquainted with Professor
Paulo Renato Schneider’s
scientific and technological production by accessing some of his works
An appreciable number of other articles by Paulo Renato Schneider and
coworkers cover other forest species, especially those belonging to Pinus genus, as well as Acacia
mearnsii, Araucaria angustifolia, the mate (Ilex
paraguaiensis), the teak (Tectona grandis) and other native species from
the Brazilian forests. Definitely, it is very difficult to cover our
friend Schneider’s whole technical and scientific production in
only a single Eucalyptus Newsletter edition.
In this edition, we are presenting to you and providing
the due links for some publications to be able to be accessed and read.
have just selected some of Professor Schneider’s and his coworkers'
papers related to the Eucalyptus species and available online. Most of
his articles are published in the magazine "Ciencia Florestal" ("Forestry
Science"), from CEPEF/UFSM, the creation of which was also leveraged
by his determination and vision that a world-class magazine was required
for the forest engineering career in UFSM.
Learn from the teachings of this great friend of Brazilian planted
Fator de cubicacao para toretes de Eucalyptus
grandis e sua variacao
com o tempo de exposicao ao ambiente. M.V. Barros; C.A.G. Finger; P.R.
Schneider; E.J. Santini. Ciencia Florestal 18(1): 109 - 119. (2008)
Efeito da intensidade de desbaste nas caracteristicas dendrometricas
e tecnologicas da madeira de Eucalyptus grandis. R. Trevisan; C.R. Haselein;
E.J. Santini; P.R. Schneider; L.F. Menezes. Ciencia Florestal 17(4):377
- 387. (2007)
bioeconomica do sequestro de carbono e da divida ecologica: uma aplicacao
ao caso do Rio Grande do Sul. V. Giacomelli Sobrinho. Ph.D.
Thesis. UFSM. 456 pp. (2007)
Desenvolvimento e estresse hidrico em mudas de Eucalyptus grandis e Eucalyptus
saligna. F.B. Martins. Master Dissertation. UFSM. 73 pp. (2007)
e selecao de modelos tradicionais para serie temporal de dados de
altura de arvores. E.P. Floriano; I. Muller; C.A.G. Finger; P.R. Schneider.
Ciencia Florestal 16(2): 177 - 199. (2006)
de indice de sitio para povoamentos clonais de Eucalyptus saligna para
a depressao central e serra do sudeste, Rio Grande do Sul. H. Tonini;
P.R. Schneider; C.A.G. Finger. Ciencia Florestal 16(1): 27 - 43. (2006)
de tronco e sortimentos de madeira de Eucalyptus grandis na regiao
sudeste do Rio Grande do Sul. I. Muller; C.A.G. Finger; P.R. Schneider.
Ciencia Florestal 15(3): 293 - 305. (2005)
e producao de povoamentos monoclonais de Eucalyptus saligna manejados
com desbaste na regiao sudeste do estado do Rio Grande do Sul. L.W. Scheeren; P.R. Schneider; C.A.G. Finger. Ciencia Florestal 14(2):
111 - 122. (2004)
de clones de Eucalyptus saligna na depressao central e serra do sudeste,
Rio Grande do Sul. H. Tonini; P.R. Schneider; C.A.G. Finger.
Ciencia Florestal 14(2): 61 - 77. (2004)
Influencia do sistema viario no rendimento do transporte de madeira
rolica de Eucalyptus spp. em Guaiba, Rio Grande do Sul. E.H.
Ressel Filho. Master Dissertation. UFSM. 2 pp. (2003)
de chapas de particulas de madeira aglomerada fabricadas com residuos
de uma industria de celulose. C. Pedrazzi; C.R. Haselein; E.J.
Santini; P.R. Schneider. Ciencia Florestal 12(2): 201 - 212. (2002)
do espacamento e da adubacao no crescimento de um clone de Eucalyptus
saligna. R. Berger; P.R. Schneider; C.A.G. Finger; C.R. Haselein. Ciencia
Florestal 12(2): 75 - 87. (2002)
da intensidade de desrama sobre o crescimento e a producao de Eucalyptus
saligna. C.A.G. Finger; P.R. Schneider; J.L. Bazzo; J.E.M.
Klein. Cerne 7(2): 53 - 64. (2001)
e qualidade da madeira de um clone de Eucalyptus saligna sob o efeito
do espacamento e da fertilizacao. R. Berger. Master Dissertation.
UFSM. 126 pp. (2000)
Produtividade e custos do processador trabalhando em povoamentos de
Eucalyptus grandis. B.C. Tarnowski; P.R. Schneider; C.C. Machado. Ciencia
Florestal 9(2): 103 - 115. (1999)
do peso do desbaste para florestas de Eucalyptus grandis com base
no indice de espacamento relativo. C.A.G. Finger; P.R. Schneider.
Ciencia Florestal 9(1): 79 - 87. (1999)
de Eucalyptus grandis em diferentes intensidades de desbaste.
P.R. Schneider; C.A.G. Finger; J.M. Hoppe; R. Descher; L.W. Scheeren;
G. Mainardi; F.D. Fleig. Ciencia Florestal 8(1): 129 - 140. (1998)
Equacoes de volume para Eucalyptus
dunnii determinadas para a depressao
central do estado do Rio Grande do Sul. P.R. Schneider; M.C.B. Coelho;
M.L. Zanon; C.A.G. Finger; J.E.M. Klein. Ciencia Rural 27(3): 425 - 428.
da camada de impedimento no solo sobre o crescimento de Eucalyptus
grandis. C.A.G. Finger; M.V. Schumacher; P.R. Schneider; J.M. Hoppe.
Ciencia Florestal 6(1): 137 - 145. (1996)
de tronco e sortimentos de madeira de Eucalyptus grandis para o estado
do Rio Grande do Sul. P.R. Schneider; C.A.G. Finger; J.E.M.
Klein; J.A. Totti; J.L. Bazzo. Ciencia Florestal 6(1): 79 - 88. (1996)
para descrever a relacao altura diametro de Eucalyptus dunnii. M.C.B. Zanon; C.A.G. Finger; P.R. Schneider; J.E.M. Klein; M.C.B. Coelho.
Ciencia Rural 26(1): 87 - 90. (1996)
inicial do Eucalyptus dunnii consorciado com Zea mays na regiao de
Santa Maria, RS. P.R. Schneider; L. Storck; C.A.G. Finger;
J.M. Hoppe; F.D. Fleig; M.V. Schneider; M.T. Fleig; A. Gatto. Ciencia
Florestal 5(1): 171 - 182. (1995)
de florestas de Eucalyptus grandis em segunda rotacao conduzidas
com um broto por touca e submetidas a interplantio. C.A.G. Finger; P.R.
Schneider; J.E.M. Klein. Ciencia Florestal 3(1): 185 - 201. (1993)
do pisoteio de bovinos em areas florestais. P.R. Schneider;
F. Galvao; S.J. Longhi. Revista Floresta 9(1). 5 pp. (1978)
para verificacao dos condicionantes da analise de regressao. D. A. Brena; J.N.M. Silva;. P.R. Schneider. Revista Floresta: 25 - 45.
Thank you, my esteemed friend Paulo
Renato Schneider, for what you have
done and will go on doing for the Eucalyptus, Pinus, Acacia mearnsii and Brazilian planted forests, no matter which genus is being planted,
but certainly with the maximum quality generated by your knowledge and
researches. I, our esteemed friend and your great colleague from the
academy, Professor Cesar Augusto Guimaraes Finger, and your numerous
admirers and readers of this present Eucalyptus Newsletter edition, thank
you for your deep and never-ending dedication to the Brazilian forestry.
World of the Eucalyptus
Grosso & Mato Grosso do Sul - Brazil
The growth of the Brazilian silviculture has proved to be
very dynamic and with enormous success in regions that were even
not considered potential in recent past. This fact is due in part
to the better infrastructure and logistic facilities and to the
telecommunication advances. Thus, the states of Mato Grosso (MT)
and Mato Grosso do Sul (MS), at the mid-Western region of Brazil,
far from the sea ports and from the major Brazilian economic metropolis
are now awakening the motivation for new plantations oriented to
commercial and economic purposes. The just initiated rebuilding
and modernization of the 163 high-way, that joins by land the cities
of Cuiaba (MT) and Santarem (Para), is to offer better conditions
to the flow of grains, meat, and forest products to the harbors
in the up-North areas of Brazil, facilitating the exports of products
from these regions.
There are several forest species being planted, with prominence
the ones of the geni Eucalyptus, Pinus, Tectona and Hevea. The
purpose of these plantations is to become raw material for saw-timber,
wooden panels, pulp and paper, charcoal, resin extraction, biomass
fuel, etc. Now, there is also a huge anticipation to the development
of the technology to manufacture ethanol from cellulose. In this
case, the wood would become one of the major raw material to the
production of bio-fuels.
Mato Grosso and Mato Grosso do Sul are strategic regions to Brazil,
under different points of view: to the society, economy and environment.
These two states are still slightly populated and they comprise
important Brazilian natural resources. Distinct endangered biomes
are included in these states areas: Cerrado, Amazon Rain Forest,
and the Pantanal (the matogrossense swampy low-lands). For all
these reasons, the forest-based companies performing businesses
in these regions must be aware of their socio-environmental responsibility.
Yes, they should be able to produce wood and other forest goods
to supply the society, but with the commitment to sustainable practices
and appropriate behavior. We have a lot of knowledge that has been
developed to help planting forests and respecting the soil, the
biodiversity and the hydrologic resources. However, the role of
the local R&D institutes and universities will be to make them
appropriate to the specific conditions of these biomes. On the
other hand, the Brazilian plantation forest sector is used to plant
forests in regions that have been already over-utilized by agriculture
and cattle raising. In general, these lands are partially or well-degraded.
But they fits well to the low-requirement forest plantations. In
parallel to these economically oriented planting areas, the forest
sector preserves extensive areas of natural resources in places
named as: permanent preservation areas and legal reserves. We hope
that, thanks to these natural preservation responsibilities and
also by the force of legislation, that some endangered areas of
these biomes may be rehabilitated. It is very important to associate
economic production with sustainable practices, isn't true? In
case we fail to do this, we'll be losing and wasting an excellent
opportunity to demonstrate eco-efficiency and sustainability commitments.
Instead of gaining the respect and the admiration of the interested
parties in those regions, we'll be seen as the opposite. I'm quite
sure that the forest companies are not to disappoint us, neither
frustrating the local population.
Before going further on demonstrating to you this astonishing world
of the Eucalyptus and other types of planted forests, I'd like to express
my thanks to my dear friends, the forest engineers Rubens Garlipp and
Eduardo Nogueira Campinhos, who helped me providing data and suggestions
of websites to obtain regional statistics.
Statistics of MT and MS
have similar population (MT = 2.85 million inhabitants in 2007 and
MS = 2.26 million), but a large difference
areas (MT = 903.4 thousand km² and MS = 357.1 thousand km²).
The state capitals are Cuiaba and Campo Grande, respectively to Mato
Grosso and Mato Grosso do Sul. Both are dynamic, modern and active
cities, plenty of economic, cultural and social developments.
In terms of natural resources, the predominant ecosystems are forests,
cerrados and natural pastures (prairies). Both states are similar in
their agricultural and agribusinesses. Agricultural crops and cattle
growing are very important, the states are considered Brazilian barns
for the production of meat (beef, pork, chicken, lamb, etc), and grains
(soybean, corn, sorghum, wheat, sun-flower, rice). On the other hand,
the silviculture is oriented till now, to the generation of wood to
low level of industrialization products: charcoal, round-wood, saw-timber,
firewood, resins, rubber-tree latex and pulp and paper (recent activity
at MS) and wood panel manufactures. The state of Mato Grosso do Sul
is ranked as the third more productive region of Pinus resin in Brazil,
besides other types of essential oils obtained from Eucalyptus leaves
and from some native forest species. The state of Mato Grosso is worldwide
renowned because the high-quality wood and productive teak trees (Tectona
grandis) and for the latex obtained from plantations of rubber-trees
(Hevea brasiliensis). The municipalities that are deeply involved in
the forestry productive chains are: Caceres, Alta Floresta, Tangara
da Serra, Santa Cruz do Xingu, Cuiaba, Varzea Grande, Itiquira, Agua
Boa, Querencia and Canarana (MT); and Dourados, Tres Lagoas, Brasilandia,
Campo Grande, Agua Clara, Ribas do Rio Pardo, Anastacio and Dois Irmaos
do Buriti (MS). Aquidauana and Corumba (MS), located at the Pantanal
biome have outstanding environmental, cultural, educational resources.
Know more about statistic data, agribusinesses and the production
of the silviculture in these two regions through the links provided
ahead. The main source of reliable data for these states is IBGE -
Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatistica (The Brazilian Institute
of Geography and Statistics):
Grosso state profile)
production of the silviculture in MT)
Grosso do Sul state profile)
production of the silviculture in MS)
Grosso shows an interesting economic forestry diversity, with about
50 thousand hectares of teak plantations (Tectona grandis), 45
thousand hectares of rubber-tree planted forests (Hevea brasiliensis),
50 thousand hectares of Eucalyptus and 7 thousand of Pinus.
Mato Grosso do Sul has today over 250 thousand hectares planted with
Eucalyptus and Pinus (over 90% are Eucalyptus).
This number may soon reach 500 thousand or even 1 million hectares.
The great emphasis on
plantations and the incentive attractions are the main reasons: this
is happening at the forest companies side (leveraged by the pulp and
paper manufacturing), but also the motivation is high among rural farmers
(who are seeing another alternative to diversify the business). It
is being so high the anticipation level for golden days in forest plantations
and forest products generation that MS state government has recently
launched an important study titled Forest Plan to the State of Mato
Grosso do Sul (http://www.reflore.com.br/exibeImpressao.php?id=357; http://www.stcp.com.br/plano_florestal_ms.doc; http://painelflorestal.com.br/exibeNews.php?id=1901). This study received the support from SEBRAE and it was performed by
STCP consulting company. In addition to this plan, MS state has just
approved a new legislation to establish regulatory standards to the
harvesting and extraction of forestry products. The aim is to bring
discipline to these activities, both in plantation and natural forests.
Both states are well-advanced in developing the studies for the establishment
of what is being called in Brazil as Ecological-Economic Zoning. Further
information on this issue may be seen at: http://www.semac.ms.gov.br/zeems (MS)
and http://www.sipam.gov.br/en/content/view/1388/18 (MT).
All the statistics for these two states show a certain level of imprecision
- for this reason, they may vary a little according to the referred
source. However, they may be described as the best available, and the
data could be considered appropriate regarding some reliable sources
as AREFLORESTA (MT), REFLORE (MS), SBS (Sociedade Brasileira de Silvicultura
- Brazilian Society of Silviculture - http://www.sbs.org.br), STCP
(forest consulting company -
http://www.stcp.com.br) and ABRAF (Brazilian
Association of Planted Forests Producers - http://www.abraflor.org.br).
With the purpose to offer to this Eucalyptus
Newsletter readers the
opportunity to better know the main actors involved in the forestry
activity in Mato Grosso and Mato Grosso do Sul states, we are bringing
euca-links to the most relevant companies, universities, business associations
and govenment organizations.
We are also dedicating the sections Online Technical References and References
about Events and Courses to honor these two regions of Brazil.
They are providing a great amount of knowledge from these two states.
For this reason, the usual Euca-Links section will not be part of this
newsletter, since the euca-links are scattered within other sections.
Forest-based companies with businesses in these two Brazilian states
(names in alphabetical order):
panels and forest plantations of Pinus (Parana state)
and teak. (MT)
http://www.berneck.com.br/port/divisao_florestal.php (Website in Portuguese,
English and Spanish)
Caceres Florestal. Forest
plantations and production of certified teak wood. (MT)
http://www.caceresflorestal.com.br (Website in Portuguese and English)
management plan - FSC certified wood)
Agroflorestal. Eucalyptus forest plantations. (MT)
http://www.emaflor.com.br/ (Website in Portuguese, English and Italian)
Agro-Industrial. Forest plantations, production of wood logs,
round-wood and energetic biomass. (MS)
Jardim. Eucalyptus forest plantations. (MT)
Floresteca. Teak: forest plantations, saw-timber, edge-glued wooden
panels, energetic biomass and wood blocks. (MT)
http://www.floresteca.com.br/default.asp (Website in Portuguese, English
http://www.floresteca.com.br/download.asp?f=9 (About the company -
in Portuguese and English)
http://www.floresteca.com.br/download.asp?f=8 (Forest management plan
- forest certification - in Portuguese)
management plan - forest certification - in English)
http://www.inteligentesite.com.br/arquivos/aimex/Floresteca%20(Rubens%20Coutinho).pdf (A speech with teak images)
Foundation - Corporative Social Responsibility
Industria de Madeiras. Production of planted forests and saw-timber
from Eucalyptus and teak. (MT)
http://www.guavira.com.br/web/index_portugues.html (in Portuguese)
http://www.guavira.com.br/web/index_ingles.html (in English)
Paper do Brasil. Eucalyptus bleached printing and writing
http://www.internationalpaper.com.br/ipengine.asp?pagina=Institucional%20-%20ptl&lingua=EN (in English)
http://www.al.ms.gov.br/Portals/0/seminario/j.pdf (A speech about the
Tres Lagoas project and the IP Brasil business strategic policies)
Mineracao e Metalicos. Eucalyptus forest plantations to supply
wood to the manufacture of charcoal for metallurgic purposes. (MS)
http://www.mmx.com.br/cgi/cgilua.exe/sys/start.htm?tpl=home&lng=us (in English)
about the forest plantations)
Mutum Group. Eucalyptus forest plantations, agroforestry and charcoal
Nemus. Teak and Eucalyptus forest investments. (MT and SP)
http://www.nemus.com.br (in Portuguese and English)
Florestal. Information and communication webportal oriented
to promote the Mato Grosso do Sul state forest resources. (MS)
http://www.painelflorestal.com.br (in Portuguese)
PrimeTimber. Wood products, panels, structural wood, etc. (MS)
http://www.primetimber.com.br/primedecor/empresa.php (in Portuguese)
Reflorestamentos. Plantation forests and pinewood production.
http://www.ramires.com.br/reflorestamentos/site (Website providing
information about the Eucalyptus and Pinus wood production - in Portuguese)
data & information)
TeakBrazil. Teak forest plantations and production of edge-glued
wooden panels. (MT)
http://www.soroteca.com.br (Website in several languages)
http://www.soroteca.com.br/resumo_manejo.zip (Forest management plan)
do Brasil. Teak plantation forests and production of round-wood
and saw-timber. (MT)
http://www.tecadobrasil.com.br (in Portuguese)
Agroflorestal. Forest plantations and production of FSC certified
teak wood. (MT)
tectonaagroflorestalfmpubsum04por.pdf (Forest management plan)
http://www.tectonaforestry.nl/images/File/Taxatie-houtopstand-15-3-2007.pdf (Evaluation of the company's forest assets)
Florestal. Production of seedlings: Eucalyptus, teak and native
http://www.unipanflorestal.com.br/index.php (in Portuguese)
- Votorantim Celulose e Papel. Eucalyptus plantation forests and
production of bleached kraft market pulp. (MS)
http://www.vcp.com.br/Pages/Default.aspx (Corporate website - in Portuguese)
website in English)
http://www.vcp.com.br/NossosNegocios/Celulose/Pages/CeluloseDeMercado.aspx (Market pulp)
http://www.vcp.com.br/SalaImprensa/Noticias/Documents/Plano%20de%20Manejo%20MS.pdf (Forest management plan to the MS planted forests)
http://www.vcp.com.br/Institucional/Projetos/ProjetoHorizonte/Pages/default.aspx (Horizonte project - VCP market pulp mill at MS)
http://www.vcp.com.br/Institucional/Projetos/ProjetoHorizonte/OProjeto/Pages/Visitavirtual.aspx (Simulated virtual tour to the Tres Lagoas - MS pulp mill)
produced video about the construction of the market pulp mill at Tres
Lagoas - MS)
Siderurgia. Production of plantation forests oriented to
the ironworks manufacturing processes. (MS)
http://www.vetorial.ind.br (in Portuguese)
MT & MS universities with forestry
career or with outstanding expertise in silviculture:
- Universidade Estadual do Mato Grosso do Sul. (MS)
The State University of Mato Grosso do Sul has a forest engineering
course at Aquidauana.
- Universidade Federal da Grande Dourados. (MS)
Grande Dourados Federal University does not yet have a graduation in
forestry, but it has amazing courses about silviculture inserted
in the agronomy career. The worthwhile didatic and scientific material
made available by professor Dr. Omar Daniel are definitively recommended
to be visited.
http://www.ufgd.edu.br/fca (School of Agro Sciences - UFGD - in Portuguese)
http://www.do.ufgd.edu.br/OmarDaniel/index.php (Professor Omar Daniel's
website - in Portuguese)
- Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso. (MT)
The Federal University of Mato Grosso has a forestry career and graduate
courses, being these courses available both at Sinop and Cuiaba campi.
http://www.ufmt.br (in Portuguese)
http://www.ufmt.br/sinop2006/index.htm (Sinop campus)
http://www.ufmt.br/posfloresta (Graduate studies in Forest Sciences)
http://www.ufmt.br/petfloresta (PET - Tutorial Educational Program
in Forest Engineering)
- Universidade do Estado de Mato Grosso. (MT)
The course on forestry of the State University of Mato Grosso is offered
in the Alta Floresta campus.
Business and technical associations related
to the forest-based sector in MT & MS:
- Associacao de Reflorestadores do Estado do Mato Grosso. (MT)
AREFLORESTA is the association of the plantation forest producers in
the state of Mato Grosso. Its main mission is mentioned to be the forest
economic, social and environmental developemnt in the state, representing
also the interests of the association members.
http://www.arefloresta.org.br (in Portuguese)
- Associacao Sul-Mato-Grossense de Produtores e Consumidores de
Florestas Plantadas. (MS)
REFLORE is the MS association for the planted forests producers and
consumers. It houses the most relevant actors performing in these issues
in this specific state. REFLORE is being referred as a very efficient
communication vehicle to provide sectorial information from MS to the
rest of Brazil. Please, know and visit some of the most prominent pages
at REFLORE website:
http://www.reflore.org.br (Opening webpage - in Portuguese)
http://www.reflore.org.br/numeros.php (Forestry statistics)
http://www.reflore.org.br/associados.php (REFLORE members)
- Sindicato dos Madeireiros do Extremo Norte de Mato Grosso.
SIMENORTE is the union of the wood producers having their businesses
at the up-North region of Mato Grosso. This organization has a considerable
and representative number of members investing and manufacturing wood
products to be traded in Brazil or abroad.
http://www.simenorte.com.br (in Portuguese)
http://www.simenorte.com.br/associados.htm (SIMENORTE members - in
Goverment / State organizations related to the forest sector:
- Instituto do Meio Ambiente do Mato Grosso do Sul. (MS)
IMASUL is the Environment Institute of MS. It has the aim to take care
and to make the public management on the environmental issues in
the state: legislation, licensing, auditing, controlling, hearings,
etc. It has a joint action with other regulatory and fiscalization
entities in the state.
http://www.imasul.ms.gov.br/index.php (IMASUL - in Portuguese)
http://www.imasul.ms.gov.br/SEMA/index.php (SEMA - Superintendency
of Environment and Hydrologic Resources - in Portuguese)
- Secretaria de Estado do Meio Ambiente - (MT)
The MT State Secretary of Environment has the objective "to guarantee
the state natural resources conservation and preservation, organizing
their utilization to promote social and economic benefits and environmental
http://www.sema.mt.gov.br (in Portuguese)
- Secretaria de Estado do Meio Ambiente - (MS)
SEMAC is the MS State Secretary of Environment.
http://www.semac.ms.gov.br (in Portuguese)
(Tectona grandis) plantation forests in Mato Grosso state:
Teak (Tectona grandis) is a tree originated from Asian natural forests
located in India, Myanmar, Thailand and Laos. Teak was introduced as
exotic in Indonesia about 400 years ago, and today, it is largely utilized
in plantations in the South-eastern countries of Asia, but also in
tropical regions of America, Africa and Pacific countries. Teak is
a very flexible plant species in its demands for water and climate;
however, it has preference for regions with total rainfall of 1,200
to 2,500 mm per year, and with a well-defined dry season during at
least 3 to 5 months. The best temperatures for its growth are those
found in the tropics, while the maximum recommended altitude is 700
meters. Teak is also very sensitive to frost and cold temperatures.
The adult teak tree may have a large size (diameter and height). When
managed with selective thinnings along its rotation, the remaining
and final trees are very valuable. Nevertheless, the young thinned
trees also provide good quality wood for several purposes. The tree
trunk is normally straight, with a thick bark protecting the xylem.
During the dry season, when the region has a typical one, the trees
commonly lose the leaves. The buds and sprouts of new ones come just
after the first rains in the next season.
The main commercial utilization's of teak wood are: civil construction
(doors, floors, windows, structure wood, etc); high quality furniture;
boats and ships; artcrafts; etc. The Brazilian exports of teak wood
has been leveraged by the offer of FSC certified wood, both to the
forest management and chain-of-custody.
In the Online Technical References section, please find some illustrative
and valuable publications to learn more about the teak (Tectona
plantations in Mato Grosso. Furthermore, you may also visit the already
presented rich websites developed by the companies are investing in
such business in this state.
The rubber-tree (Hevea brasiliensis) plantation forests in Mato Grosso
Rubber-tree is a plant typically Brazilian, occurring naturally in
Brazil, but also in man-made plantations. The plantations are destined
to obtain important products such latex for rubber manufacturing, wood
and energy (firewood). The plant belongs to the genus Hevea, which
comprises about 10 species. The most well-known Hevea is the Hevea
brasiliensis, with outstanding high quality latex production. The rubber-trees
reach large dimensions when adults, and they start to become productive
for bleeding latex at the ages 6 to 7 years. The genus Hevea is originated
from Amazon, but its species are been planted commercially in other
Brazilian states (Sao Paulo, Mato Grosso) and in several Asian countries
(Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia). Those people who love to tell stories
say that the British Mr. Henry Wickham, very appropriately known as "the
king of the bio-pirates", took with him in 1876 many seeds of
the rubber-tree to England. Several years later, the British start
cultivation of rubber-tree plantations in Malaysia, reaching an enormous
success. For this reason, Mr. Wickham received the honor to become
Sir, for his magnificent services to the Crown. Brazil was the sole
and the larger exporter of rubber for years. Now-a-days, Brazil is
not self-sufficient in rubber, depending on importing this product
from Asian countries. The natural rubber manufactured from the Hevea
latex is one of the most valuable natural-origin products to the human
society, dependent on this material for innumerous uses.
state of Mato Grosso has today about 50 thousand hectares planted
with Hevea, being recently ranked as the number 2 or 3 in
the Brazilian ranking of producers of coagulated latex. However, there
is a huge
effort coordinated by EMPAER - Mato Grosso Agency for Research, Technical
Assistance and Rural Extension, (http://www.empaer.mt.gov.br)
and by the State Transitory Secretary of Strategic Projects to raise
plantation areas to about 250,000 hectares. These new plantations would
be obtained through a partnership between Government and rural farmers,
giving more value to the local agribusiness. A wide effort to increase
the production of higher quality seedlings (clones and from improved
seeds) is being placed to run. There are several municipalities involved
to the achievement of this target: Itiquira, Agua Boa, Querencia and
Canarana. EMPAER technical engineers are also working for improvements
on the forest plantation technologies as another of the targets of
the Program for Stimulating the Rubber-Tree Plantations in Mato Grosso
State. As a conclusion, there is a huge potential, support from state
government and room for further and substantial growth of this activity
in MT. We wish good luck to those working on this task.
Know a little more about the commercial plantations of rubber-trees
in Brazil and Mato Grosso visiting the links provided just ahead (all
In the Online Technical References section, please find some illustrative
and valuable publications to learn more about the Brazilian rubber-tree
plantations in Mato Grosso.
Online Technical References
In this section, we are as usual offering some very good euca-links
with relevant publications available in the virtual world wide web
library. You have only to click the URLs addresses to open the documents
and/or to save them. Since they are references, we are not responsible
for the opinion of the corresponding authors. However, believe me,
they are valuable references that should be watched carefully, since
they are very much connected with the Eucalyptus. In this section,
we are trying to balance recent and historical publications, those
that are helping to build the foundations and the history of the Eucalyptus forestry, environment, industrial utilization, and many other areas
related to these magic trees.
In this edition, we are emphasizing some recent publications about
forestry and forest products with strong connection to Mato Grosso
and Mato Grosso do Sul.
Efeito da desfolha artificial no crescimento de plantas de Eucalyptus
spp. em uma area de reflorestamento, municipio de Campo Verde,
estado de Mato Grosso. V.G. Bertulio. Master Dissertation. Federal University
of Mato Grosso. 40 pp. (2008)
dos recursos hidricos de Mato Grosso do Sul. IMASUL.
Electronic files in 9 parts. (2008)
Carbono organico nas fracoes granulometricas e humicas em
solos de diferentes texturas sob floresta da regiao noroeste mato-grossense. G.C. Castro. Master Dissertation. Federal University of Mato Grosso.
46 pp. (2008)
de areas de reflorestamentos mistos usando analise multivariada
em Cotriguacu - MT. L.M. Silva. Master Dissertation.
Federal University of Mato Grosso. 88 pp. (2008)
Analise do sistema de producao de teca (Tectona grandis) no
Brasil. L.G.M. Delgado; J.E. Gomes; H.B. Araujo. Revista Cientifica Eletronica
de Engenharia Florestal Nº 11. 6 pp. (2008)
Teca e a nova opcao na industria mundial. L.C. Oliveira; A. Angeli;
J.L. Stape. Revista da Madeira Nº 106. (2007)
A industria madeireira em Mato Grosso: um processo em formacao. J.M.
Marta. SOBER XLV Congress. 10 pp. (2007)
Desempenho silvicultural de Tectona
grandis, em diferentes espacamentos,
no municipio de Caceres, MT. R.P.R.P.E. Oliveira. Course Conclusion
Monograph. UFRRJ. 29 pp. (2008)
Laudo para madeira TECA. CETEC/MG. IBICT SBRT. 3 pp. (2006)
e producao de Tectona grandis em povoamentos jovens de duas regioes
do estado de Mato Grosso - Brasil. R. Drescher. Ph.D.
Thesis. Federal University of Santa Maria. 133 pp. (2004)
Pontes de madeira do Mato Grosso do Sul - Estudo de caso. M. Martins.
Master Dissertation. UNESP. 137 pp. (2004)
Avaliacao do crescimento da teca (Tectona grandis) pela analise
de tronco. E.O. Figueiredo. Technical Instruction Nº 35. Embrapa
Acre. 04 pp. (2001)
sivipastoris em Mato Grosso do Sul. Por que adota-los? V.P. da Silva. Embrapa Florestas. 13 pp. (Undated)
estadual de desenvolvimento florestal de Mato Grosso do Sul. L.C. Ramires Jr. 8 pp. (Undated)
VIDEOS: Forest management - Teak and Eucalyptus. Nemus.
Tres Lagoas- The city of waters. (in Portuguese)
Cadeia da seringueira no Mato Grosso. (in Portuguese)
Plano florestal de Mato Grosso do Sul. Painel Florestal.
O potencial do Mato Grosso do Sul. Painel Florestal. (in
about Events and Courses
This section has as aim to introduce to you several
very good links with recently already happened events (congresses,
seminars, conferences, workshops, courses). The advantage provided
to the readers is that the event organizers have made the presentations
or proceedings available for free downloading. This is a very good
way to practice social and scientific responsibility. Our most
sincere thanks to all these organizers for this friendly procedure,
sharing the event material with the interested parties.
In this edition, we are emphasizing some recent events about forestry
and forest products with strong connection to Mato Grosso and Mato
Grosso do Sul.
Energy and Environment to the State of Mato Grosso. (MT)
An event that happened in Cuiaba, in November 2007, with emphasis
Seminar Plantation Forestry at Mato Grosso do Sul 2007. (MS) (in
An event organized by REFLORE - Associacao Sul-Mato-Grossense de
Produtores e Consumidores de Florestas Plantadas (Association of
MS Producers and Consumers of Planted Forests). With the objective
to allow you to better know the state of Mato Grosso do Sul, I'm
introducing to you one of the event selected speeches:
http://www.reflore.com.br/downloads.php (All speeches)
http://www.reflore.com.br/palestras/PerspectivasDoSetorFlorestalParaMatoGrossoDoSul.pdf (Forest sector perspectives to the state of MS - by Luiz Calvo
Seminar Myths and Truths about the Environmental Impacts caused
by the Eucalyptus. (MT) (in Portuguese)
An event that took place in 2007, organized by PET-Engenharia Florestal
(Tutorial Educational Program in Forestry) - Federal University
of Mato Grosso.
http://www.ufmt.br/petfloresta/seminario.htm (Event summary)
Meeting on Forestry & Environmental Updates.
(MT) (in Portuguese)
An event that took place in 2008, organized by PET-Engenharia Florestal
(Tutorial Educational Program in Forestry) - Federal University
of Mato Grosso. We are highlighting one of the speeches about
the forest sector in Mato Grosso, in a comparison to Brazil and
to the world.
http://www.ufmt.br/petfloresta/encontro.htm (Summary of the event)
http://www.ufmt.br/petfloresta/files/panorama.pdf (Plantation forestry:
an overview about MT, Brazil and world - by Luiz Trevisan, in Portuguese)
I Mato Grosso do Sul Forestry Congress - MS Florestal 2008. (MS)
This excellent event took place in 2008 in the city of Campo Grande.
It was supported by the most representative MS state forestry and
agriculture organizations. Several speeches have been presented
covering the following issues: forest products markets, environmental
themes and discussions about the impacts of the forest plantations.
Famous and renowned speakers brought great quality to the event.
Again, with the aim to offer more information about the MS forest
segment, I'm opening the program and suggesting you to read or
pay attention to some of the selected speeches.
http://www.opec-eventos.com.br/msflorestal (All speeches for downloading)
forests in MS: an strategy for state growth and development - by
the governor Andre Puccinelli, in Portuguese)
http://www.opec-eventos.com.br/msflorestal/dowload/robertogoncalves.pdf (Environmental policies to the state of MS - by Roberto Goncalves,
http://www.opec-eventos.com.br/msflorestal/dowload/luiscalvo.pdf (Eucalyptus: environmental,
social and economical issues - by Luiz Calvo Ramires Junior, in
I Workshop about the Eucalyptus Plantation Forestry Management
Systems and the Consolidation of a Forestry Cluster in MT. (MT)
This event ocurred in 2009, in the town of Tangara da Serra - MT.
It was sponsored by several MT state governmental and entrepreneurial
organizations. Unfortunately, we are being able to show to you
only an executive summary of the workshop, as written and made
public in a journalistic matter by the Arvore Portal.
Section: Eco-Efficiency and Sustainability Corner
This new section has the mission to guide you to the most
recent and relevant information on issues such as eco-efficiency,
eco-efficacy, eco-effectiveness, cleaner production and sustainability.
The purpose is to keep our pulp and paper and forestry people
always updated and motivated for better performances on the
businesses and operations, aiming to develop even more environmentally
sound technologies, procedures and concepts. Our purpose
is to show mechanisms and ideas for improved generation and
manufacturing of goods to supply society, and to minimize
the environmental and social impacts of the productive chains
we are inserted. This section aims to bring articles, theses,
reports, websites, pictures - everything we may consider
interesting to you under these views of sustainability updates
We are starting this section introducing to you three excellent
websites, the digital houses of fantastic organizations of
persons, who are making a great job in favor of world forestry
sustainability to this planet: "The Forest Dialogue", "The
Forest Dialogue to the Atlantic Forest (Dialogo
Florestal da Mata Atlantica)" and "FBDS - Brazilian Foundation
for the Sustainable Development".
- The Forest Dialogue. (Yale University - USA) - (in English)
TFD consists in groups of people from different countries/regions,
with distinct backgrounds and knowledge, but committed to dialogue
and to work for finding solutions to the wood production and
forest utilization in sustainable manners. It is a fantastic
example of integration and interaction in the world forest network.
These people from several and sometimes very different interested
parties have as common ground the need for innovative solutions
to improve the sustainability levels in forestry. These groups
are been formed to debate in several countries (USA, Indonesia,
China, Brazil, Switzerland, etc.), as a result of the dominant
interests and needs, case-by-case. For this reason, there are
several main topics being debated and discussed in regional or
• Forestry and Nature conservation;
• Forestry and poverty reduction;
• Small-sized forest land-owners and sustainable practices;
• Illegal logging and deforestation;
• Forest certification;
• Intensively managed planted forests.
Brazilian representatives are deeply involved in this last mentioned
theme. Several meetings for this group have already happened in
China, Indonesia and Brazil. Each dialogue opens room for the participation
of many interested actors, with presentations of case studies,
speeches, debates and conclusions. The rich meeting materials are
made available to the interested parties of society at the Yale
University website. Something very precious to be accessed, please,
take your time for a while, and have a look:
- Intensively managed planted forests)
of the Vitoria meeting, Brazil, 2008)
summary of the 2008 Brazilian meeting)
Brazilian meeting - Presentations)
paper about "intensively managed planted forests")
bulletin of the ArborVitae NGO titled: Forest plantations - the good,
the bad and the ugly)
DFMA - Dialogo Florestal da Mata Atlantica. (Brazil)
- (in Portuguese)
The Forest Dialogue to the Atlantic Forest is a group formed in Brazil,
following the example of the TFD, after the first TFD meeting that
took place in Brazil, in 2003, at Bahia state (Santa Cruz de Cabralia).
The DFMA received the TFD approval, support and guidelines to be born
and to grow. On October 2005 happened the first meeting of this just
born group. The guidance and the services provided by the NGO BioAtlantica
Institute have been decisive in the first steps of this group formation.
This NGO has the target to search sustainable solutions to the Brazilian
Atlantic Forest biome. From the first initial meeting, the participants
were defined, the targets were settled, the rules for the dialogue
were agreed, and the main issues to the debates were selected. A working
agenda with several steps has also been clearly established by the
participants. The following types of organizations are participating
with representatives: Brazilian leading forest-based companies, business
associations, universities, social and environmental NGOs. Taking into
account the continental dimensions of Brazil, some regional forums
have also been created, to dialogue and debate more specific and particular
issues, concerned to each region. Keeping the TDF example, all presented
materials, reports and executive meeting summaries are placed in selected
websites to be downloaded by the interested parties of the society.
Know more about this Brazilian group of forest dialogue at:
remarks and material for downloading)
and updates about this forum of debates)
material about the Forest Dialogue to the Atlantic Forest)
- Fundacao Brasileira para o Desenvolvimento Sustentavel. (Brazil) - (in Portuguese and English)
FBDS - the Brazilian Foundation for the Sustainable Development
consists in a business-oriented NGO created in 1992 to help the
implementation of the environmental policies developed as a consequence
of Rio Environmental World Summit. FBDS has a strong position
and participation in several Brazilian and global forums. It
also performs studies and projects to their supporting partners.
The main thematic areas where FBDS is developing actions are:
climate changes and carbon sinking, conservation and sustainable
utilization of natural resources, corporate sustainability, and
territorial management. I'd like to mention the positive and
tight involvement of our esteemed friends Dr. Israel Klabin and
Professor Eneas Salati, both having strong environmental concepts
at their own hearts, but also working hard for attaining their
objectives. Among the several NGO supporters we are able to find:
public and private companies, universities, R&D institutes,
either Brazilian or international. There is a considerable amount
of good quality material available at the FBDS website. They
deserve a careful visit:
sinking credit projects related to Brazilian forest companies)
Allergies are abnormal human body reactions against
unknown substances considered toxins by them. These external
agents are also called
allergen, creating on each person different kind of reactions,
symptoms and disturbances. For most of people, the unfamiliar substance
doesn’t bring reactions; however, we are not alike to each
other. So, there are some people that have high sensitivity to
some products, becoming allergic to them. Generally, there is an
immunologic protection response to neutralize or to fight the strange
substance to the organism (Sinogas, 2002). A sensitive organism,
after allergenic contact, can express different allergy forms:
sneezing, itching, skin spots, etc. It’s difficult to identify
allergy causes and why do some people develop a hypersensitivity
to certain substances, while others don’t. There are common
allergen products, such as: animal fur, organic volatile compounds,
dust and pollen. Therefore, flowers, pollen or some Eucalyptus volatile substances liberated by leaves, barks and other parts
of this plant can start allergic reaction on some people. On the
other hand, leaf compounds extracted from Eucalyptus can also help
relieving other types of allergies, specially the ones related
to the respiratory systems, considered the most harmful allergies.
This specific technical text explains the two perspectives of the
association Eucalyptus and allergies: one that harms sensitive
people health with the pollen and/or volatile compounds reactions;
and the other one, that helps on curing breathing problems through
infusions, inhalation, creams, teas, sprays, tablets and other
Some Eucalyptus allergy symptoms are already known and described
since old Greek times. On top of this, the Australian aborigines
were used to some Eucalyptus medical benefits from their leaves
for lung problems. After that, these compounds were extracted and
researches proved their real efficiency and potential on curing
allergies that cause asthma, bronchitis, throat irritation and
sneezing. Some compounds present on the essential oil of some Eucalyptus
species like E. globulus, E. radiata e Corymbia (Eucalyptus)
citriodora are the most used for these purposes. Their active principles have
antiseptic properties, are system stimulant, expectorant, and also
have some antibiotic functions. They are utilized on many pharmaceutical
formulations that help reducing the discomfort of aches and coughs.
They may also be found on tablets format, assisting on saliva production
and reducing coughing inconvenience. The Eucalyptus are considered
from many allergic people the best natural medicine capable to
relieve and fight their allergic problems.
The cineole, also known as eucalyptol, is one of the prime compounds
responsible for the Eucalyptus medical properties. This compound
controls the excessive mucus secretion on the respiratory system
because of cytokine anti-inflammatory action. Cineole also enhances
the immunologic system responsible to fight against allergies and
other diseases (Wikipedia, 2009). The positive eucalyptol (cineole)
effects on sinusitis and other nasal infections with allergic background
have been already and extensively proved. Kehrl et al., mentioned
by Wikipedia (2009), evaluated two patient groups with the same
disease through the placebo test - better described as a test applied
to targeted people without the knowledge of the components. One
of the groups was treated with 100 mg cineole capsule tree times
a day, while the other received capsules with absence of any active
principles to ingest. There were noticed significant reductions
on the symptoms after 4-7 days for the cineole group people. The
patients claimed to feel reduced headaches, with relief on nose
running and other common symptoms of the allergy. Although the
collateral effects of this research were minimum, the Eucalyptus oil
is not indicated for day-a-day ingestion. It must have moderated
use, on reduced doses and amounts. It’s not indicated for
pregnant and giving-milk women, neither for under six-year-old
children. They are also not recommended for Eucalyptus allergic
people with gastric problems or with hypoglycemia. People who fit
on these descriptions should look for a doctor before using the
Eucalyptus essential oils. It must me used rationally, with therapeutic
amounts of the essence for expectorants, never over 0,1 ml (0,6-0,1
ml). Problems with super doses and hypersensitivity are common
and this may bring detrimental effects on health. The eucalyptol
may become highly toxic to the organism if ingested or used in
high concentrations or doses. It can cause dermatitis, heart pumping
irregularities, breathing problem and even to more serious heath
problems. Essential oil tolerance tests are recommended before
inhalation. It should be simply done breathing the aroma for 15
seconds waiting other 30 minutes to observe adverse symptoms, and
them continuing or not.
A very common Eucalyptus allergy is the one caused by the plant
pollen. It can cause lung and throat irritation, asthma, rhinitis,
conjunctivitis, during the main flowering seasons. Although
the Eucalyptus pollen is considered an allergen, it’s
not common to cause allergic problems to humans and it could
as a low severity one (PollenLibrary, 2009). There are many
academic studies performed on many world cities for years,
variability on types of atmospheric pollen along the seasons.
These researches evaluate the annual pollen dynamics, its atmospheric
scattering and its clinical importance to allergies. The results
help on developing different strategies to plant pollen allergy
prevention, to the utilization of specific anti-allergic substances
and other natural medication doctor-prescribed, prior to the
Boral et al. (2006) observed two annual seasonal Eucalyptus pollen
peaks in Occidental Bengal - India: the first was during September
and October and the second between January and April. The authors
claimed that the climatic conditions like temperature, relative
humidity of the air and rain are involved on pollen liberation
and dispersion. Skin sensibility tests were conducted with allergenic
extracts obtained from the collected pollen and the most positive
reactions were found to the Eucalyptus, responsible for 34 % of
the found allergies in the studies.
During five years, the pollen concentration was daily measured
on Vigo-Spain atmosphere by Rodrigues-Rajo and coworkers (2001).
Annual atmospheric pollen concentration oscillation was related,
following low quantitative pollen years. Eucalyptus pollen was
found on Vigo atmosphere all over the year, however, in higher
concentrations on March and April. From the total pollen collected,
the ones from Eucalyptus species varied from 1-3%. The highest
amount was obtained on 1997 with peak concentrations from 5 to
6 p.m. Pollen liberation and dispersion received strong influence
from wind and air relative humidity.
On another research study performed on the same place (Vigo-Spain),
Belmonte et al. (1998) related the main types of pollen responsible
for human allergies. Pollen from Poaceae family plants was ranked
in first place, representing 78 % of the total people's allergies. Pinus and Eucalyptus pollens ranked on the 5th place, corresponding
each one of them to 3% of the allergies from the total of 2,750
patients with respiratory problems.
Trujillo et al. (Undated) related a dermatitis occupational case,
caused by Eucalyptus cinerea. It can occur on workers of flower-cultivation
or flower-shops, who are hipersensitive to these Eucalyptus leaf
compounds or were highly exposed to them.
As a conclusion, the Eucalypti can assist on allergies control
or mitigation, but in some cases, they may become the main cause
for the allergy, too. So, the Eucalyptus therapeutic utilization
should be rational and cautious, as a way to guarantee safety on
people health and to promote better life quality to the Eucalyptus products consumers.
See below some recommended websites about this subject. There,
you can find out more about the advantages that Eucalypti can have
on allergies combat and effects mitigation, and also find the caution
required on the use of its essential oils. Read also some scientific
articles that explain the Eucalyptus oil sensitivity or hypersensitivity
and the associated symptoms. Observe the dynamics of the pollen
on world selected regions and also some sensitivity tests that
are made in relation to pollens. Finally, check out some Eucalypti products available on daily markets that are referred to bring
relief on allergies symptoms.
. Wikipedia. Available on 22.03.2009:
e doencas de hipersensibilidade. Available on 15.03.2009:
http://ioh.medstudents.com.br/alergic.htm (in Portuguese)
Eucalyptus side effects, interactions and warnings. Personal Health
Zone. (2006). Available on 07.03.2009:
http://www.personalhealthzone.com/herbal_medicine/side_effects/eucalyptus_side_effects.html (in English)
I'm allergic to Eucalyptus. I need a medication
Answers. Available on 07.03.2009:
http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20080205111346AALfznI (in English)
Eucalipto: aplicaciones terapeuticas. Available on 07.03.2009:
http://www.ecovisiones.cl/ecovida/hierbas/EUCALIPTO.htm (in Spanish)
Aceite de eucalipto. Panel de Control del Dr. Risco. Available
http://www.canal-medicina.es/Curas_Naturales/eucalipto_remedios_caseros_01.htm (in Spanish)
Eucalipto. Ventana Salud. Available on 06.03.2009:
30 consejos para combatir las alergias. Puleva Salud. Available
104085&RUTA=1-747-1159-2198-2393-104085 (in Spanish)
Eucalyptus trees. Pollen. Health24 h.com. Available on 06.03.2009:
http://www.health24.com/condition_centres/Allergies/11-422-421-423-435,20235.asp (in English)
Eucalyptus allergies? Yahoo Answers. Available on 06.03.2009:
http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20080304084947AAEp254 (in English)
Conventional medications not your cup of tea? Try natural
anti-allergic remedies instead! ExitAllergy.com. Available on 06.03.2009:
http://www.exitallergy.com/allergy-articles/natural-allergy-remedies.php (in English)
Genus level details: Gum (Eucalyptus). PollenLibrary.com. Avaialble
view=genus.php&genus=Eucalyptus&common=Gum (in English)
Caramelos Halls eucalipto mentolado. Ciao Shopping Intelligence.
Available on 06.03.2009:
http://www.ciao.es/Caramelos_Halls_eucalipto_mentolado__Opinion_827157 (in Spanish)
Tree pollen calendar. Allergy and Asthma Clinic. Available on 06.03.2009:
http://allergycenter.info/doctor_pollen_tree.asp (in English)
Eucalyptus cinerea: risk assessment
results. Hear.org. Available
http://www.hear.org/pier/wra/pacific/eucalyptus_cinerea_htmlwra.htm (in English)
How Eucalyptus oil could help alleviate allergies like sinusitis. HSI-Health Science Institute. (2007)
/eucalyptus-oil-alleviate-sinusitis-00016.html (in English)
Tratamientos alternativos contra las alergias. Megustacuidarme.
http://megustacuidarme.es/blog/2007/06/06/tratamientos-alternativos-contra-las-alergias/ (in Spanish)
Alergias. C. Sinogas. Departamentof Biology. University of Evora.
http://evunix.uevora.pt/~sinogas/TRABALHOS/2002/imuno02_alergias.htm#_Toc47109819 (in Portuguese)
and scientific articles related to allergies and Eucalyptus:
ABSTRACT: Aerobiology, allergenicity and biochemistry of
three pollen types in Berhampore town of West Bengal, India. D.
Boral; K. Bhattacharya. Aerobiologia 16 (3-4): 417-422. (2006)
etnobotanica de plantas medicinais utilizadas em dermatologia
na cidade de Joao Pessoa-Paraiba, Brasil. C. O. Pereira; E. O.
Lima; R. A. G. Oliveira; M. S. Toledo, A. K. A. Azevedo, M. F.
Guerra R. C.Pereira. Revista Brasileira de Plantas Medicinais 7(3):
for acute nonpurulent rhinosinusitis with cineole: results of
a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. W. Kehrl;
U. Sonnemann; U. Dethlefsen. Laryngoscope 114(4):738-42. (2004)
Exacerbation of asthma related to Eucalyptus pollens and to herb
infusion containing Eucalyptus. E. Galdi; L. Perfetti; G. Calcagno;
M. C. Marcotulli; G. Moscato. Monaldi Arch Chest Dis. 59(3): 220-221.
ABSTRACT: El polen de Eucalyptus y su incidencia en la atmosfera
de Vigo (N.O. Espana). J. F. Rodrigues – Rajo; M. V.
Jato; M. C. Seijo. Acta Botanica Malacitana 26: 99-110. (2001)
ABSTRACT: Aerobiology of Vigo, North-Western Spain:
atmospheric pollen spectrum and annual dynamics of the most
and their clinical importance for allergy. J. Belmonte; J. M. Roure;
X. March. Aerobiologm 14: 155-163. (1998)
uso de oleos essenciais na terapeutica. M. G. F. Cruz. UFMT. 22 pp.
Alergia de origen ocupacional en Eucalyptus cinerea. M.J. Trujillo;
E. Gonzales-Macebo; B. Bartolome Savala; S. Santos Magadan; M.
Gandolfo Cano; D. Gonzales. Unidad de Alergia de Madrid, Departamiento
Medico de Bial Aristegui. (Undated)
Commercial products manufactured with Eucalyptus to prevent, mitigate
or combat allergies (they
are only presented as literature references and not as purchasing
Mini-Article by Celso Foelkel
The Eucalyptus Planted Forests, Land Use and the Production
of Food in Brazil
Brazil is a country of continental dimensions, with a relatively
large population, amounting to approximately 185 million inhabitants
in a total area of 8.51 million square kilometers (851 million hectares).
From this total area, about 460 million hectares are still natural
and protected biomes, corresponding to half the territorial area
of the country. The following biomes stand out: Amazon Rain Forest,
Cerrado biome, Caatinga biome (a brushwood covered system), Atlantic
Forest, Pantanal biome (the swampy lowlands of Mato Grosso), Araucaria Forest (Brazilian pine forests), Coconut Palm Forest, Coastal Zone,
and Pampas biome. Technically, approximately 390 million hectares
would remain for the occupation of people, agriculture, cattle growing,
afforestation, etc. According to IBGE (Brazilian Institute of Geography
and Statistics), the agricultural land cultivation occupied 77 million
hectares in 2006, the pastures 175, and the woods and forests 100
million hectares (PPAs and LRAs - permanent preservation areas and
legal reserve areas; plus the planted forest areas).
The Brazilian authorities argue that the country
still has about 90 to 140 million hectares available for the expansion
cattle growing and silviculture, without jeopardizing the protected
natural areas, which is contested by the environmentalists, as they
believe that important areas of natural ecosystems in regeneration
(especially of the Cerrado biome and Atlantic Forest) are included
in these figures. Anyway, the areas available for expansion are still
immense. Suitable planning and ecological/economic zoning per state
and municipalities may help Brazil very much to reach an adequate
level of socio-environmental sustainability and economic production.
Thus, in the optimum situation, the biomes would be protected and
the economy growing and generating benefits and happiness to the
increasing population. Well, just to dream is not enough; things
must be caused or helped to happen. The forest-based sector can and
must participate in this process in search of this integrated sustainability
at country level, instead of just in terms of individual companies
or as a sector. Also, it cannot be forgotten that the country’s
agricultural and forest productivity rates are experiencing a pronounced
growth. Exceptional productivity rates have been attained with regard
to soybean, sugar cane, Eucalyptus, corn, Pinus, etc.
Much effort is being made on the part of the Federal
environmental area, in order that agriculture and cattle raising
also begin to respect more the environmental legislation in terms
of PPAs and LRAs, in the same way as silviculture does at present.
The rural farmers have reacted sharply, counterarguing that areas
for agricultural planting and pastures will become short; and that
this measure will result in a reduction in areas for agricultural,
cattle raising, and food production. Among the cultivated areas and
follows: soybean = 22 million hectares; corn = 9.5; sugar cane =
6; cultivated pastures = 100; planted forests = 6. The natural, very
impoverished pastures, occupy about 80 million hectares. Then, it
should be observed that the technologically more qualified and advanced
crops have an ample potential for growth from areas already degraded
by intensive and low-technology agriculture and cattle raising.
In fact, what must be striven for and achieved is an integrated,
non-conflicting management for the different uses of land. As a result
of it, the productive chains are optimized, as well as the interrelations
between them. Competitiveness will be enhanced and what should be
preserved will be actually preserved. The continued researches for
increases in productivity and productive capacity of land should
be also privileged.
In general, the planted forest sector uses areas of low agricultural
aptitude, with low food production capacity, areas of land that have
been intensely used by pastures and annual agriculture and have impoverished
or degraded, as a result of it. Such areas are less expensive, more
easily worked for forest planting, and compatible with the requirements
of the forest species being used in the country. The forest sector
makes also use of highly-sloped land, unsuitable for the modern highly
mechanized agriculture. By doing so, it also contributes to conserve
such lands with sharp declivity, by occupying them with the longer-cycle
The planted forest area corresponds to 0.7% of the
territorial area; to 1.65% of the technically tillable area; to 6%
of the areas defined by IBGE as Woods and Forests within the Brazilian
area that is being occupied by the population with productive purposes.
The Eucalyptus areas correspond to 65% of the planted forests in
Brazil, so that it is easy to calculate their percentage participation
in the use of land. It should be also added that the planted forest
sector, by maintaining and enriching the permanent preservation and
legal reserve areas, is a great preserver of natural woods and forests.
This factor increases considerably its participation in the segment
classified by IBGE as Woods and Forests.
Due to the fact that degraded land is used by the planted forest
sector, its impact on food production in the country is small, but
even so it exists and this occurs for two reasons:
• when planting forests in degraded agricultural
or pasture soils, even if they had a low capacity to sustain these
production, these areas will fail to produce some food;
• when protecting permanent preservation (flooded low flat lands alongside
watercourses, banks of rivers and lakes, etc.) and legal reserve
areas, which were not being protected by agriculture or cattle raising,
the plantation forest sector is converting food production areas
into environmental conservation areas. This is excellent for the
environment, for sustainability, but has an impact on the production
of meat, rice, corn, etc. Did you follow the point?
In the regions where forests for industrial and biomass fuel utilization's
are planted, the municipality areas are occupied by about 5 to 30%
by the company forest farms. As far as states which are important
planted forest producers (Minas Gerais, Sao Paulo, Bahia, Parana,
Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul, Espirito Santo, Rio de Janeiro,
etc.) are concerned, the occupation of the territorial area of the
state with planted forests ranges from 2 to 6%. With regard to the
tillable areas of those states, the percentage ranges from 5 to 20%.
Since poor quality soils are frequently used for the planted forests,
a sufficient area of better pieces of land is still left for agriculture.
However, it should be clear that poor soils are preferential soils,
but not exclusive for the planted forest sector. There is a reasonable
amount of forests planted in soils of better quality in terms of
fertility, topography, etc.
avoid potential conflicts over the use of the land and to improve
the understanding of society with regard to
the theme related to
planted forests and food production, it is important for the sector
to go on striving for its technical improvement and its further integration
into the rural and agricultural activities in its areas of influence.
By doing so, it will be favoring its forest production, but at the
same time, contributing to food production. It is very common to
hear ecologists or NGOs stating that society "does not eat Eucalyptus",
for which reason they condemn the Eucalyptus plantation forestry.
They forget that not only food is necessary for human societies to
become happy and to survive. However, there are no doubts that it
is a powerful argument.
The first step to improve this situation is the planted forest sector
to have more effective participation in the studies and debates on
agroforestry zoning and use of land, as this has occurred in states
like Rio Grande do Sul and Mato Grosso do Sul. This will contribute
to delimit better the different components of the Brazilian landscapes,
such as: agriculture, cattle growing, planted forests, native forests
and natural ecosystems, archaeological and historical sites, cities
and towns, industrial areas, etc. The forest sector has supported
this type of zoning, having even participated in the studies and
public dialogs / hearings.
the integrated food production in the planted forest areas is still
scarce. The following might be cited:
from Eucalyptus flowers; meat production by cattle pasturing
in the forest understorey; use of some area of agricultural aptitude
food production (rice, fruit orchards, etc.) by some kind of partnership
with rural farmers. It is worthwhile reminding that in Chile and
Portugal, countries of reduced tillable areas, the problem is much
more serious. There, some forest-based companies are even involved
in some sort of agriculture for food production. It is the case of
Portucel/Soporcel, in Portugal (with planting of grapes for making
wine - http://www.portucelsoporcel.com/pt/group/docs/04.html; http://www.portucelsoporcel.com/pt/group/docs/05.html )
and Arauco Nueva Aldea (vineyards, wine, and olive oil - http://www.elsur.cl/diarioelsur/pagina.php?pagina=08&fecha=20080413).
Although they are very much researched at Brazilian
universities and at the forest companies themselves, the agroforestry
silvipasture systems are considered by the executives of those companies
as activities to be performed by farmers/third parties, rather than
by themselves. The whole research dedicated to those sciences has
been oriented to help improving the rural producer’s forest
and agricultural production, by means of forest promotion and partnership
programs. Just a very few companies of the forest-based sector aim
to become complex agroforestry businesses.
Based on the agroforestry knowledge, the rural producer can go on
using his areas with agricultural or cattle raising vocation, while
planting trees in the land of worse quality, whether associated or
not with cattle pasturing, or some interplanted agriculture crop.
There are numerous models in use in Brazil, but the overwhelming
majority of them in the rural farmers' lands.
The great truth is that there are dozens of opportunities
disposal, for the planted forest sector to be able to produce its
woods and contribute to the growth of food production in the country.
The first and easiest one would be the cooperation in the technological
know-how transfer to agriculture – more precisely, to the medium
and small rural owners. In general, forest-based companies use state-of-the-art
technology (precision silviculture, mechanization, hydroponic nurseries,
soil conservation, plant fertilization and nutrition, pests and diseases
biological control, biotechnology, etc.). Through a stronger involvement
at cooperation level, a great deal of this knowledge might be transferred
and shared with regional farmers, leveraging in this way the local
agriculture productivity. This might be done by means of courses,
seminars, demonstration plots, training, case studies, etc. This
involvement and integration would help the rural community in terms
of diversification and improvement of its activities, as well as
increase in agricultural yields, cost reduction, and preservation
of the natural, historical and archaeological patrimony.
Other fantastic alternatives exist and I will enumerate some of
them by way of example. Many others might be cited and found, it
is enough to further reflect on the whole of it, not only on the
own forest area. Have a look how we may increase food production
and sustainability in the regions where forest sector operates, by
• development of integrated codes of good agricultural
and forest practices;
• production of food (fruits, edible seeds, mushrooms, etc.) and phyto-therapeutical
goods (medicinal herbs) from the permanent preservation and legal
reserve areas (to be developed with environmental institution's and
production diversification in the appropriate areas, by using the
lands with stronger agricultural aptitude for food production (either
on one’s own or in partnership with third parties). An alternative
would be to make use of the concepts developed by the agroforestry
and silvipasture systems on appropriate lands as well, but to really
produce food, not just as demonstrative fields.
seedling production to also support regional agricultural crops in
the sector’s latest- generation nurseries;
management of the plantation forest areas with rotation with annual
agricultural crops - especially leguminosae (beans, soybeans, lupine
beans, etc.) or forage leguminosae (pigeon pea, leucaena, perennial
soybean) – or larger-sized shrubby plants (longer-cycle fruit
orchards to reduce anthropic interventions in the "forestry
resting area" – for example: papaya, etc.);
• strong support for the soil protection and conservation programs
at regional level;
• the same for the local hydrology protection programs, with monitoring
micro-watersheds installation not only in own plantation forest areas,
but involving the adjacent rural areas;
• establishment of partnerships with public organizations for extension
and research of the agricultural and cattle raising sector;
• strong support for knowledge transfer about environmental and solid
waste management (composting, agricultural use of waste, etc.);
• making available own land areas to be used by qualified third parties
for activities such as pasturing, apiculture, pisciculture, fruit
• cooperation with local farmers for getting agricultural product certifications,
such as those existing for forest certification;
• etc. etc.
The stronger and deeper forest sector’s involvement
in the establishment and implementation of regional rural policies
will certainly favor the growth and competitiveness of these regions.
All of us know that for a company to be competitive it must be located
in a competitive region. There is no longer a way of guaranteeing
competitiveness if the region where we are situated is poor, miserable
and has low people qualifications. The more qualified our neighbors,
the better and more competitive we are to become.
all these reasons, my friends, let’s reflect
a little more on how to speed up these and other opportunities.
we will be giving a higher multi-functionality level to plantation
forestry and better exercising citizenship at our company. We will
be contributing for the planted forest production network to be more
and more a value network for both ourselves and the Brazilian Society.
Online Book & Newsletter are technical information texts
written and made available free of charge to all people involved
forestry and utilization of the Eucalyptus. It depends only on registering
yourself to receive them.
Technical coordination - Celso Foelkel
Webmaster / editing - Alessandra Foelkel
Celsius Degree: Phone (+55-51) 3338-4809
Copyright © 2007-2010